Five Parallel Mathematics Lessons in
American Sign Language and English
with
Steven Fuerst and Harv Schuldt
This project is a creation of the COLLEGE OF ST. CATHERINE in partnership with SLICES, LLC; RSA Region V ITP Award #H160A000008 First Edition 2001  Revised 2002 Distributed in collaboration with the Minnesota Region III Low Incidence Project
Mirrored Math
License Information
The contents of this CD were developed under a grant from the Minnesota Department of Children, Families, and Learning and with support from the NE Minnesota Region III Low Incidence Project. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Children, Families, and Learning , and you should not assume endorsement by the Minnesota State Government. Because it is a state funded project, it has an open copyright and maybe transferred to the hard drive of as many computers as wished. It is also allowable to burn your own CDs, provided they are not used for making a profit. When duplicating this resource, take care to give credit to those who created and produced this project.
Strategies for Use
This project was produced with many different possibilities for use. What is listed here are simply suggestions for focusing on developing
interpretation skills within mathematics settings.
1. View and analyze the parallel lessons.
 First, study the lesson plan to have an idea of what topics will be covered.
 Then, watch either the ASL or English lesson in its entirety. Make note of how specific math concepts are explained and conveyed.
 Then, watch the parallel lesson. Compare and contrast the language usage.
The lessons range from 8 – 20 minutes in length, so be sure to allot enough time to allow for viewing both in one sitting.
2. Practice interpretation from English to ASL.
 First, study the lesson plan. You may even want to print it out so that you will have it for a reference.
 Then, interpret the English version of the lesson. If desired, videotape this interpretation to provide a baseline.
 After this, watch the ASL version of the lesson. You can then compare Steven’s use of ASL to the language used in this first interpretation
 After this analysis, return to the English version and reinterpret it, attempting to incorporate new ideas taken from the ASL lesson. Videotape this again, so that you can compare with the baseline videotape and see what improvements were made.
3. Practice interpretation from ASL to English.
This may be more challenging due to the movement of the ASL instructor making it a more difficult source to work from.
 First, study the lesson plan. You may even want to print it out so that you will have it for a reference.
 Then, interpret the ASL version of the lesson. If desired, videotape this interpretation to provide a baseline.
 After this, listen to the English version of the lesson. You can then compare Harv’s use of English to the language used in this first interpretation.
 After this analysis, return to the ASL version and reinterpret it, attempting to incorporate new ideas taken from the English lesson. Videotape this again, so that you can compare with the baseline videotape and see what improvements were made
Meet the Instructors
The movies on this page give some background about the instructors, and also allow a bit of an opportunity to familiarize yourself with their signing/speaking styles before starting with the Math lessons. Be sure to “meet your instructors” before moving into the lessons.
Introduction to Steven FuerstThis movie is 2:32.. 
Introduction to Harv SchuldtThis movie is 1:16. 
Lesson 1
Lesson 1 – Lesson Plan
Objective: Students will use perimeter, area, and volume formulas.
Procedure / Development of Learning Activity
1. Give a lecture about perimeter, area, and volume formulas. Draw three different formulas on the chalkboard. Ask students to identify all three formulas.
2. Given 3 different sample problems:
3. Discuss about reallife situations that utilize all three formulas
Harv in English

Steven in ASL

Lesson 2
Lesson 2 – Lesson Plan
Objective:
Students will graph a point on a number line, given the coordinate of the point, use real numbers to describe reallife situations, and compare real numbers
Procedure / Development of Learning Activity:
1. Give a brief lecture about real numbers such as natural and whole numbers and integers.
Natural = 1,2,3…, Whole = 0,1,2,…, Integers = ….2,1,0,1,….
2. Given the coordinates of A,B, and C on the graph. The students will tell what number is the coordinate of these letters.
3. Given several reallife situations to the students, have them write the appropriate algebraic expressions.
 25 degrees above zero
 a 5 yard loss in football
 withdrawal of $250 from a checking account
 a gain of 11/2 on the stock market
4. Give a better concept of how to identify > (greater than) or < (less than) by using the chalkboard.
Examples:
1) 3 __ 2  4) 5 __ 3  Bonus) 1000 __ 0 
2) 2 __ 3  5) 2 __ 1  
3) 0 __ 4  6) 5 __ 6 
Harv in EnglishThis length of this lesson is 10:13. 
Steven in ASL

Lesson 3
Lesson 3 – Lesson Plan
Objective:
Students will identify the representations of numbers that are in the word problem and translate from English to Algebra.
Procedure / Development of Learning Activity:
1. Given four word problems on the chalkboard, the teacher will demonstrate to the students how to find the representations in each word problem.
 The larger of two numbers is twice the smaller. Write representations of the two numbers.
 The price of a book is $3 less than twice the price of a tape.
 The first side of a triangle is 3 times as long as a second side. The third side is 5 cm shorter than the first side.
 This year, the price of a movie ticket increased by onefifth of the price last year.
2. Give hints such as of, is, and and, ask the students to see if they are able to catch all of these hints in each word problem. Can use this for group activity.
Harv in English

Steven in ASL

Lesson 4
Lesson 4 – Lesson Plan
Objective:
Students will multiply rational expressions.
Procedure / Development of Learning Activity:
 Demonstrate to the students how to multiply rational expressions on the chalkboard. Factor both numerator and denominator first before using the Cancellation Property of Fractions.
 Demonstrate using the FOIL method for factoring quadratic expressions.
 Given sample problems on the chalkboard, the students will participate in helping and solving these problems.
Harv in English

Steven in ASL

Lesson 5
Lesson 5 – Lesson Plan
Objective:
Students will perform operations which include square roots.
Procedure / Development of Learning Activity:
 Review basic square roots first before learn how to solve sums, differences, and products.
 Tell the students about the rules of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The radicals can be added or subtracted only if they both are the same identity. The radicals can be multiplied or divided no matter if they are the same or not.
 Apply the Distributive Property to the radical expressions and simplify them.
 Apply the FOIL method to the radical expressions and simplify them.
Examples:
Harv in English

Steven in ASL

Credits
Roll the Credits
This project was a collaboration of many people’s minds and talents and we wish to acknowledge them here.
Instructors/Language Models: Filming/Computer Design: 
The Staff of the RSA Region V Interpreter Training Project Managers: Administrative Assistant: 
Special thanks to the participants of the Wisconsin Summer Institute and to Darla and Adam Barrows, for serving as students for Steve and Harv’s simulated classrooms. Nothing worse than teaching to the wall, or worse, to only a camera.