Interpreting Power & Privilege

A Review of Literature

Doug Bowen-Bailey
Critical Inquiry
INTP 6200
MA in Interpreting Studies & Communication Equity
St. Catherine University
Dr. Erica Alley

In order to view the literature review in its entirety or different sections of the video, use the toggles below.  You can also view the references for each section of the lit review.  The complete citations are included at the bottom.



The Complete Video


Defining Power and Privilege

References for Defining Power and Privilege

Arthur. B. (2017, October 11). “Carla Shird: Language privilege and the field of sign language interpreting.” StreetLeverage. Retrieved from:

Crenshaw, K. (1989). “Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A Black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics.” University of Chicago Legal Forum: Vol. 1989 , Article 8.  Available at:

Intersectional Souls Project. (2015) What exactly is intersectionality? A conversation with Stephanie “Najma” Johnson. [Video] Retrieved from

Simms, L. (2018). Climbing the avalanche. [Video documentary]. Retrieved from

Sue, D.W. (2016). “The invisible whiteness of being: Whiteness, White supremacy, White privilege, and racism.” In Rothenberg, P.S. (Ed.) White privilege: Essential readings on the other side of racism. 5th edition. New York: Worth Publishers.

Robinson, O. & Sheneman, N. (2018). “Intersectionality, the latest buzzword: What it means to teach power and privilege in ASL and interpreter education programs.”  in Winston, Monikowski, and Lee (Eds.). Reaching new heights in interpreter education: Mentoring, teaching & leadership.  The Proceedings of the 2018 Conference of Interpreter Trainers. Retrieved from


Understanding Systems

References for Understanding Systems

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Resistance to Oppressive Systems

References for Resistance

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Considering Language

References for Considering Language

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Interpreting and Power & Privilege

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References for Interpreting and Power & Privilege

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Gatekeeping for Interpreter Education and Interpreting

References for Gatekeeping

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Assessing Effectiveness of Training

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Impacts of Online Education

References for Individualist vs Collectivist

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Complete References