Eckert, R., & Rowley, A. (2013). Audism: A Theory and Practice of Audiocentric Privilege. Humanity & Society, 37(2), 101-130. DOI: 10.1177/0160597613481731
More than 30 years ago, Tom Humphries coined the term ‘‘audism’’ to describe audiocentric (based on hearing and speaking) assumptions and attitudes of supremacy. Only a handful of scholarly articles mention the concept of audism and not one of those is published outside of Deaf Cultural Studies. In this article, audism is broadly defined in the ideological contexts of individual, institutional, metaphysical, and laissez-faire prejudices. Audism is further explained in the context of overt, covert, and aversive practices of discrimination. Examples of the intersections of the theory and practice of audiocentric privilege are explored. Based on critical observations of audism as a stratifying system of oppression, four recommendations are made: increasing public awareness of Deaf American contributions to society (multiculturalism), infusing Deaf-centric curriculum content in education (equity), advocating intergroup dialogues as a transformative pedagogy that further exposes audism as a social injustice (intercultural responsibility), and promoting community service opportunities (ethical citizenship) for students to do volunteer work in the
Deaf American Community.
audism, Deaf Culture, discrimination, prejudice, Deaf identities, multicultural curriculum, Deaf ethnicity, laissez-faire racism